Here’s a video comparing three different ways to record a solo horn.
- MXL R144 Ribbon Microphone – placed approximately 6 feet in front of the horn.
- Samson C02 Condenser Microphones – stereo pair in XY configuration placed approximately 6 feet in front of the horn.
- Samson C02 Condenser Microphones – stereo pair in NOS configuration placed approximately 6 feet in front of the horn.
The above are three common microphone techniques. There are many more, but my limited skills and equipment prevented me from exploring others.
This little project came about for three main reasons:
- While I am most certainly not a recording engineer, I teach an Introduction to Music Technology course, and have an interest in recording techniques. I enjoy learning about the equipment and principles, and used this video as a way to put some ideas into practice.
- Back to back comparison of the two types of microphones I own – ribbon and condenser. I’ve used both in various situations, but had not compared them in this way. For more information on microphones, see here.
- I also wanted to try out a new way of recording – using independent audio and video equipment, rather than the all-in-one approach I have used for years. Though it took a little more time to set up, I think the end product was pretty successful. Syncing up the audio and video was less tricky than I anticipated.
Before getting into more discussion of the results, here’s the video. Separate audio files are also embedded if you would prefer to listen to those. I chose an excerpt from Otto Ketting’s Intrada because I’m performing it in a few weeks, and also because it has lots of contrast in a short amount of time.
Condenser Pair XY:
Condenser Pair NOS:
Even with the extremely low cost equipment I am using, hopefully you can hear a difference among the three techniques. To me, the XY configuration has the best overall sound, although there are elements of the ribbon that I like quite a bit. Ribbon microphones are very popular for recording brass instruments, because of the warmth they bring to the sound. Higher quality microphones should of course yield more perceptible results, although my cheap MXL ribbon is ok for my purposes. I hope to do some more videos like this in the future, with different techniques and ensembles. In case you are interested, here is the equipment I used (microphones are listed above). Assuming you have a decent laptop, all of the other gear is very reasonably priced.
- Audio Interface/Preamps: Focusrite Scarlett 2i2
- Computer: 13 inch, MacBook Pro, ca. 2012
- DAW: Logic Pro X
- Video Camera: Canon Vixia, ca. 2009
- Video Editing: Final Cut Pro X
While there are some great all-in-one recording products out there, if you do lots of audio and video recording of your horn playing it might be worth exploring some of this equipment.