A few days after my August 31 faculty recital, I wrote a short post summing up some positive things as well as some areas where I felt I needed to improve. Part of that post is included below.
Now, as for areas of improvement, I have a couple of ideas which I took away from this recital. One of them – which I knew already but was reinforced – is that solo performances are a great proving ground for various methods and approaches. Things that seem to work in the practice room don’t always get the job done on stage, and in the coming weeks one of my big goals is to work on simplifying some aspects of my playing. Once I’ve worked things out a bit in my own mind I’ll post some more details on that topic.
In the nearly two months since that somewhat nebulous statement I’ve been doing quite a bit of work in several different areas of my playing, and I am happy to report significant improvement. Overall I felt like my basic technique and approach to the horn were fine, but leading up to and during that recital there were a few issues that I thought needed some work. Though these were really only minor changes, this “tweaking” of a couple of things has had a cumulative effect.
After what amounted to a two-year long “experiment,” I have switched back to a mostly wet embouchure, rather than a mostly dry one. Aside from the past couple of years, I have always played with moist lips, but a couple of years ago I happened to notice that I had increased endurance and range with dry lips, and started playing that way. Being a person who forms habits quite easily, the dry lips thing stuck, although I wasn’t always happy with the results. True, I did for some reason have better endurance and range, but it usually took quite a while to get my embouchure set up and ready to play. For that reason I rarely took the horn off my face, except in between movements or in long rests. Another area which dry lips negatively impacted for me was first attacks. Since it was taking so long to get my lips feeling comfortable on the mouthpiece, tension began creeping into my attacks, which as most people know usually doesn’t help accuracy. After this recital I found myself with about a month-long period with a relatively light performing schedule (only one orchestra pops concert), so I thought that would be a perfect time to try switching back to a wet embouchure. It did feel a bit weird for the first couple of days, but after that things settled down nicely. My attacks have improved just from that switch, and I’ve also been practicing daily out of Nicholas Smith’s Don’t Miss! Ideas, concepts, and exercises designed to increase accuracy on an inaccurate instrument. It’s a great book, with some excellent first note exercises in several keys.
I also felt like dry lips had become a crutch for me, especially in the high register, and I wanted to get away from that and really work on developing range and endurance with a wet embouchure. After trying several different range and flexibility exercises I settled on Wendell Rider’s “Lip Control” exercises. These are essentially an addendum to his book Real World Horn Playing, and they can be downloaded for free on his website (left-hand side, top of the page). After years of playing Farkas, Brophy, Stamp, and other range exercises, I wondered if these would bring anything new to the table, and they really did for me. In a few weeks of going through these exercises – make sure to read Wendell’s preface and to follow the instructions for executing them exactly – I was developing a stronger, more reliable, high (and low) register. I still do some other exercises, especially out of William Brophy’s Technical Studies for Solving Special Problems on the Horn, and they are actually easier after going through Wendell’s studies. In addition, with wet lips I am also able to get the horn off my face and back on in much less time, resulting in improved long and short-term endurance.
In closing let me emphasize that this is a personal story, and is not meant to be a blanket endorsement of either a wet or a dry embouchure. As both John Ericson and David Wilken have pointed out in other posts, the topic of wet vs. dry embouchures is not fully settled, and players should be willing to try different approaches, if for no other reason than because it makes you reconsider your own technique. Who knows, by experimenting just a little you may happen upon something that could open up new areas in your playing.